Welcome to Part 7 in Bruce Music‘s Blog Series On Music Theory. This part is a brief recap of the main points covered in the first 6 parts. Be sure to check out those previous instalments if there’s anything here you’re unsure of.
- The 12 notes in music – C C#/Db D D#/Eb E F F#/Gb G G#/Ab A A#/Bb B
- Distance between each note = semitone (one fret)
- Two semitones = A Tone.
- Major scale formula = T T S T T T S
- Minor scale formula = T S T T S T T
- Pairs of relative Majors/Minors = A Major scale and the minor scale starting from the Major Scale’s 6th note = relative major/minor pairing
- Chords are formed of a Root, 3rd and 5th. Root gives the chord its name, 3rd determines if it’s Major or Minor, and 5th solidifies the chord
- Formula for chords in a major key (One chord starting from each step of the major scale) = IMaj IImin IIImin IVmaj Vmaj VImin VIIdim
- Formula for chords in a minor key = Imin IIdim IIImaj IVmin Vmin VImaj VIImaj
Hopefully these bullet points have triggered your memory. But this is merely a brief revision. Don’t forget to look at the full series if you haven’t already, or if you need a more detailed reminder.